The Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall, Berliner Mauer, was constructed to divided East and West Berlin by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) in 1961. The wall was built under the pretext of protecting East Germany from what local government defined as fascist violence. Despite the wall, many Eastern Germany citizens attempted to escape, with many losing their lives doing so.
After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, many museums, landmarks and galleries were created as a symbol of the cold war and the peace that was restored.
Exploring the history of the wallOne of the most famous landmarks is the Brandenburg Gate, which you can reach by walking across the River Spree and down the Unter den Linden Boulevard.
The Berlin Wall Memorial is located on a section of Bernauerstrasse. Featuring an open-air exhibition and Documentation Center, it uses the area to explain the historical and political situation at the time.
Checkpoint Charlie, the name given to ‘Checkpoint C’ by the Western Allies. The Wall Museum, located in the house at Checkpoint Charlie, documents escape attempts and border security systems of the Berlin Wall, as well as freedom and human rights issues facing us today.
One of the most famous sections of the wall runs along Mühlenstrasse. Also known as the East Side, Gallery, this 1.3 kilometer stretch between Ostbahnhof Station and Oberbaumbrücke (Oberbaum Bridge) contains over 100 paintings, and is the longest permanent open-air gallery in the world. Guided tours are available for groups of 10 or more people.